In 2009, developed countries agreed to raise $ 100 billion a year by 2020 to help the developing world cope with the fallout from global warming.
The latest estimates available from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) show that this funding reached $ 79.6 billion in 2019, 2% more than in 2018.
OECD data shows that Asian countries received an average of 43% of climate finance in 2016-19, while Africa received 26%. Gahouma said a more detailed shared system was needed that would keep an eye on each country’s contribution and where it was going on the ground.
“They say they’ve hit maybe 70% of the target, but we can’t see it,” Gahouma said.
“We need to have a clear roadmap for how they will put the $ 100 billion a year on the table, how we can keep up with it,” he said in an interview Thursday. “We have no time to waste and Africa is one of the most vulnerable regions in the world.
Temperatures in Africa are rising at a faster rate than the global average, according to the latest UN climate report. He predicts that further warming will lead to more extreme heat waves, severe coastal flooding and intense rainfall across the continent.
Even if rich countries miss the $ 100 billion target, African countries plan to push for more than tenfold funding by 2030.
“The $ 100 billion was a political commitment. It was not based on the real needs of developing countries to fight climate change, ”Gahouma said.
World leaders and their representatives have only a few days at the Glasgow summit to try to negotiate deals to cut emissions faster and fund adaptation measures to climate pressures.
African countries face an additional challenge in the talks as administrative hurdles to enter Britain and travel during the coronavirus pandemic mean smaller-than-usual delegations can attend, Gahouma said.
“Limited delegations, with enormous work and limited time. It will be very difficult, ”said Gahouma.
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(Reporting by Alessandra Prentice; Editing by Aaron Ross and Janet Lawrence)